The term “periodontal” means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is characterized by red, swollen and bleeding gums.
Periodontal disease is most often preceded by gingivitis which is a bacterial infection of the gum tissue. A bacterial infection affects the gums when the toxins contained in plaque begin to irritate and inflame the gum tissues. Once this bacterial infection colonizes in the gum pockets around and between the teeth, it becomes much more difficult to remove and treat. Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that eventually leads to the destruction of the connective tissue and supporting bone around the teeth. If let untreated, it can lead to shifting teeth, loose teeth and eventually tooth loss.
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world and should always be promptly treated. Four out of five people has periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.
Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research now suggests that there is a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and increased risk during pregnancy.
Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal
Plaque that is not removed from your teeth will turn into calculus (tartar)! Daily home cleaning helps control plaque and tartar formation, but those hard-to-reach areas will always need special attention.
Once your periodontal treatment has been completed, your dentist or dental hygienist will recommend that you have regular maintenance cleanings (periodontal cleanings). At these cleaning appointments, the pocket depths will be carefully checked to ensure that they are healthy. Plaque and calculus that is difficult for you to remove on a daily basis will be removed from above and below the gum line.
Good oral hygiene practices and periodontal cleanings are essential in maintaining dental health and keeping periodontal disease under control!
If you have questions or would like to make an appointment, please give The Dental Salon a call today at (562) 591-4028.